Catholic dating beliefs
In other words, when they died, they had not yet attained full sanctification and moral perfection, a requirement for entrance into Heaven.
This sanctification is carried out posthumously in Purgatory.
Purgatory is necessary so that souls can be cleansed and perfected before they enter into heaven. Thus made atonement for the dead that they might be free from sin." Additional references are found in Zechariah, Sirach, and the Gospel of Matthew.
Jewish tradition also reinforces this belief as well as the tradition and teaching of the Church, which has been affirmed throughout history.
While 2 November remained the liturgical celebration, in time the entire month of November became associated in the Western Catholic tradition with prayer for the departed; lists of names of those to be remembered being placed in the proximity of the altar on which the sacrifice of the mass is offered.
The legend connected with its foundation is given by Peter Damiani in his Life of St Odilo: a pilgrim returning from the Holy Land was cast by a storm on a desolate island.
The Eastern Orthodox churches observe several All Souls' Days during the year.
The abuse of indulgences and the blatant, sometimes fraudulent practice of selling indulgences for money, led to Luther's protest.
A hermit living there told him that amid the rocks was a chasm communicating with purgatory, from which perpetually rose the groans of tortured souls.
The hermit also claimed he had heard the demons complaining of the efficacy of the prayers of the faithful, and especially the monks of Cluny, in rescuing their victims.
The Church reeled from Luther's accusation, and reformed its practice of selling indulgences.
However, it reemphasized the Biblical and traditional practice of praying for the departed and the importance of such prayers.